Source apportionment of PM2.5 oxidative potential in an East Mediterranean site - Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale Access content directly
Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2023

Source apportionment of PM2.5 oxidative potential in an East Mediterranean site

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the oxidative potential (OP) of PM2.5 collected for almost a year in an urban area of the East Mediterranean. Two acellular assays, based on ascorbic acid (AA) and dithiothreitol (DTT) depletion, were used to measure the OP. The results showed that the mean volume normalized OP-AAv value was 0.64 ± 0.29 nmol·min−1·m−3 and the mean OP-DTTv was 0.49 ± 0.26 nmol·min−1·m−3. Several approaches were adopted in this work to study the relationship between the species in PM2.5 (carbonaceous matter, water-soluble ions, major and trace elements, and organic compounds) or their sources and OP values. Spearman correlations revealed strong correlations of OP-AAv with carbonaceous subfractions as well as organic compounds while OP-DTTv seemed to be more correlated with elements emitted from different anthropogenic activities. Furthermore, a multiple linear regression method was used to estimate the contribution of PM2.5 sources, determined by a source-receptor model (Positive Matrix Factorization), to the OP values. The results showed that the sources that highly contribute to the PM2.5 mass (crustal dust and ammonium sulfate) were not the major sources contributing to the values of OP. Instead, 69 % of OP-AAv and 62 % of OP-DTTv values were explained by three local anthropogenic sources: Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) combustion from a power plant, biomass burning, and road traffic emissions. As for the seasonal variations, higher OP-AAv values were observed during winter compared to summer, while OP-DTTv did not show any significant differences between the two seasons. The contribution of biomass burning during winter was 33 and 34 times higher compared to summer for OP-AAv and OP-DTTv, respectively. On the other hand, higher contributions were observed for HFO combustion during summer.
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Dates and versions

hal-04179694 , version 1 (10-08-2023)

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Marc Fadel, Dominique Courcot, Gilles Delmaire, Gilles Roussel, Charbel Afif, et al.. Source apportionment of PM2.5 oxidative potential in an East Mediterranean site. Science of the Total Environment, 2023, 900, pp.165843. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.165843⟩. ⟨hal-04179694⟩
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